Welcome to the twenty-second episode of AEM Early Access, a FOAMed podcast collaboration between the Academic Emergency Medicine Journal and Brown Emergency Medicine. Each month, we'll give you digital open access to an recent AEM Article or Article in Press, with an author interview podcast and suggested supportive educational materials for EM learners.
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DISCUSSING (CLICK ON LINK FOR FULL TEXT, OPEN ACCESS THROUGH January 31):
Test Characteristics of Point of Care Ultrasound for the Diagnosis of Retinal Detachment in the Emergency Department. Daniel J. Kim, MD, Mario Francispragasam, MEd, MD, Gavin Docherty, MD, Byron Silver, MSc, MD, Ross Prager, BSc, Donna Lee, MD, RDMS, and David Maberley, MSc, MD.
LISTEN NOW: FIRST AUTHOR INTERVIEW WITH Daniel J. Kim, MD
Daniel J. Kim, MD
Department of Emergency Medicine
Vancouver General Hospital
Director, Ultrasound Fellowship Program
University of British Columbia
Previous studies of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) have reported high sensitivities and specificities for retinal detachment (RD). Our primary objective was to assess the test characteristics of POCUS performed by a large heterogeneous group of emergency physicians (EPs) for the diagnosis of RD.
Methods: This was a prospective diagnostic test assessment of POCUS performed by EPs with varying ultrasound experience on a convenience sample of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with flashes or floaters in one or both eyes. After standard ED assessment, EPs performed an ocular POCUS scan targeted to detect the presence or absence of RD. After completing their ED visit, all patients were assessed by a retina specialist who was blinded to the results of the POCUS scan. We calculated sensitivity and specificity with associated exact binomial confidence intervals (CI) using the retina specialist's final diagnosis as the reference standard.
Results: A total of 30 EPs enrolled 115 patients, with median age of 60 years and 64% female. The retina specialist diagnosed RD in 16 (14%) cases. The sensitivity and specificity of POCUS for detecting RD was 75% (95% CI 48%-93%) and 94% (95% CI 87%-98%), respectively. The positive likelihood ratio was 12.4 (95% CI 5.4-28.3), and negative likelihood ratio was 0.27 (95% CI 0.11-0.62).
Conclusions: A large heterogeneous group of EPs can perform POCUS with high specificity but only intermediate sensitivity for RD. A negative POCUS scan in the ED performed by a heterogeneous group of providers after a one-hour POCUS didactic is not sufficiently sensitive to rule out RD in a patient with new onset flashes or floaters. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ADDITIONAL RELATED READING
Vrablik et al, 2015. The diagnostic accuracy of bedside ocular ultrasonography for the diagnosis of retinal detachment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24680547
Jacobsen et al, 2016. Retrospective Review of Ocular Point-of-Care Ultrasound for Detection of Retinal Detachment: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26973752
Baker et al, 2017. Can emergency physicians accurately distinguish retinal detachment from posterior vitreous detachment with point-of-care ocular ultrasound?: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29042095
AEM Commentary on this paper: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30112843
Other commentaries on this paper:
UC San Diego Ultrasound Division: http://emultrasound.sdsc.edu/index.php/2018/07/25/retinal-detachment/