Welcome to the ninth episode of AEM Education and Training, a podcast collaboration between the Academic Emergency Medicine E&T Journal and Brown Emergency Medicine. Each quarter, we'll give you digital open access to AEM E&T Articles or Articles in Press, with an author interview podcast and links to curated supportive educational materials for EM learners and medical educators.
Find this podcast series on iTunes here.
DISCUSSING (CLICK ON TITLE TO ACCESS):
Looking Through the Prism: Comprehensive Care of Sexual Minority and Gender‐nonconforming Patients in the Acute Care Setting. Angela F. Jarman MD, MPH; Alyson J. McGregor MD, MA; Joel L. Moll MD ; Tracy E. Madsen MD, ScM; Elizabeth A. Samuels MD, MPH; Mollie Chesis; Bruce M. Becker MD.
LISTEN NOW: AUTHOR INTERVIEW WITH angela jarman, MD, Mph
Angela Jarman, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California, Davis
This interview discusses a commentary in AEM E&T which synthesizes a didactic session co‐led by the SAEM Sex and Gender in Emergency Medicine Interest Group and the Academy for Diversity and Inclusion, which was presented by the authors at the SAEM 2018 annual meeting in Indianapolis, Indiana.
The National Institutes of Health have recently recognized LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer) as an official health disparity and designated the Sexual and Gender Minority Research Office in an effort to support evidence‐based medical care for this underserved patient population. As the front line of medical care for the underserved, emergency medicine (EM) physicians need to be equipped with the tools to care for these patients in a culturally competent and clinically appropriate manner. EM providers must develop an understanding of their patients’ social and medical context to provide both sensitive and effective care and to teach residents and other learners. A significant number of patients who seek treatment in the emergency department define themselves as LGBTQI—lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or intersex. This commentary combines both affective and objective information on the importance of semantics and language, appropriate communication, and confronting our own implicit biases in caring for this vulnerable population, creating a unique perspective and paradigm for the practice of EM and a blueprint for education.
The authors have provided this handout for further information:
“Don’t be a jerk” EM Pulse Podcast, Episode 9. https://ucdavisem.com/2018/07/17/dont-be-a-jerk/
NIH ORWH sex/gender. Available at https://orwh.od.nih.gov/research/sex-gender.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities. The health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. National Academies Press (US), Washington, DC; 2011
Clayton JA, Tannenbaum C. Reporting Sex, Gender, or Both in Clinical Research? JAMA 2016; 316(18):1863-1864
Madsen TE, Bourjeily G, Hasnain M, Jenkins MJ, Morrison MF, Sandberg K, Tong IL, Trott J. Sex- and Gender-Based Medicine: The Need for Precise Terminology. Gender and the Genome;1(3):122-28.
Schuster MA, Reisner SL, Onorato SE. Beyond bathrooms — meeting the health needs of transgender people. NEJM 2016;375:101–103.
Soc Sci Med. 2014 Feb;103:33-41. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.06.005. Epub 2013 Jun 18.
Structural stigma and all-cause mortality in sexual minority populations. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Feb;103:33-41. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.06.005. Epub 2013 Jun 18.
The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding Editors: Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities.
Bauer GR, Scheim AI, Deutsch MB, et al. Reported Emergency Department Avoidance, Use, and Experiences of Transgender Persons in Ontario, Canada: Results From a Respondent-Driven Sampling Survey. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2014;63(6):713-720.
Brown JF, Fu J. Emergency department avoidance by transgender persons: another broken thread in the "safety net" of emergency medicine care. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2014;63(6):721-722.
Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California San Francisco. Guidelines for the Primary and Gender-Affirming Care of Transgender and Gender Nonbinary People; 2nd edition. Deutsch MB, ed. June 2016. Available at www.transhealth.ucsf.edu/guidelines .
Chisolm-Straker M, Jardine L, Bennouna C, Morency-Brassard N, Coy L, Egemba MO, Shearer PL (2017) Transgender and gender nonconforming in emergency departments: a qualitative report of patient experiences, Transgender Health 2:1, 8-16, DOI: 10.1089/trgh.2016.0026.
Deutsch MB, Jamison Green, Keatley J, Mayer G, Hastings J, Hall AM. Electronic medical records and the transgender patient: recommendations from the World Professional Association for Transgender Health. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013;20:700-703
IOM. Collecting sexual orientation and gender identity data in electronic health records: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine;2013.
James SE, Herman JL, Rankin S, et al. The Report of the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey. Washington, DC: National Center for Transgender Equality;2016.
Jalali S, Sauer LM. Improving Care for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients in the Emergency Department. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2015;66(4):417-423.
Lambda legal. Creating equal access to quality health care for transgender patients: transgender-affirming hospital policies. May 2016. Http://assets.Hrc.Org//files/assets/resources/transaffirming-hospitalpolicies-2016.Pdf?_Ga=2.179968679.225917522.1494296888-1373396650.1480810731
Samuels EA, Tape C, Garber N, Bowman S, Choo EK. “Sometimes you feel like the freak show”: A Qualitative Assessment of Emergency Care Experiences Among Trans and Gender Non-Conforming Patients. Ann Emerg Med 2017: doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.05.002.
World Professional Association for Transgender Health, Standards of Care for the Health of Transexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People 5 (7th ed.), http://www.wpath.org/uploaded_ les/140/ les/Stan- dards%20of%20Care,%20V7%20Full%20Book.pdf